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Wednesday, February 11


Registration & Silent Auction Opens
When you arrive at the Dalhousie Student Union building, follow the stairs to the second floor where you will find our Registration Desk. Sign-in to the 2015 Information Without Borders Conference and receive your gift bag.

Once registered, enjoy a continent breakfast and visit our Silent Auction table in the McInnes Room. Proceeds from our Silent Auction help to support future IWB Conferences.

Wednesday February 11, 2015 8:00am - 9:00am
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Welcoming Remarks
Welcoming remarks will be made by the Information Without Borders Committee Co-Chairs, Hilary Lynd & Jennie Thompson

avatar for Hilary Lynd

Hilary Lynd

Co-Chair, Information Without Borders Conference Association
avatar for Jennie Thompson

Jennie Thompson

Co-Chair, Information Without Borders Conference Association

Wednesday February 11, 2015 9:00am - 9:05am
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Opening Remarks
Dr. Carolyn Watters, VP Academic and Provost of Dalhousie University, will invocate the opening of the conference. 

avatar for Dr. Carolyn Watters

Dr. Carolyn Watters

Vice President Academic & Provost, Dalhousie University
Dr. Carolyn Watters brings experience and vision to the role of provost and vice-president, academic at Dalhousie. Since becoming a member of the university's senior leadership team in 2011, Dr. Watters has focused on meeting the needs of faculty and students while growing Dalhousie's academic reputation internationally. | | A Computer Science professor who previously served as dean of graduate studies, Dr. Watters draws on academic... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 9:00am - 9:15am
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Opening Keynote: Steve Easterbrook presents "Computing the Climate"

"Computing the Climate - How computer models help us understand future climate change." by Prof. Steve Easterbrook

"In this talk, I'll explain how a computational climate model works, and trace the history of climate modelling, from the early ENIAC weather simulations created by in the 1950’s by von Neumann and Charney, through to today's Earth System Models, in which models of the atmosphere, ocean, vegetation and ice sheets are coupled together to study interactions and feedbacks across the climate system. I'll also explain how the models are tested, and how we know about their strengths and weaknesses. I'll end with a brief look at how computer models are used in the assessments of climate change performed by the IPCC, and a glimpse at the latest results used in the IPCC's sixth assessment report, published in the fall of 2014."

avatar for Dr. Steve Easterbrook

Dr. Steve Easterbrook

Professor, Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto
Steve Easterbrook is a professor of computer science at the University of Toronto. He studies how computer models of complex system behaviour can help us to make wise choices about living sustainably on planet earth. His teaching and research focuses on the dynamics of complex systems. He conducted the first detailed anthropological study of how climate scientists build and test computational simulations of the earth’s climate, and is... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 9:15am - 10:15am
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Coffee Break
Wednesday February 11, 2015 10:15am - 10:30am
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Breakout Session: "Climate Research & Public Communication"
The title and abstract for Megan Leslie's talk will be announced shortly. 


“Climate Change and Public Participation” by Jason Hollett


Human activity is warming the planet, with severe consequences. We can expect warmer average temperatures, rising sea levels, and more frequent extreme storms. Nova Scotia is particularly susceptible to these changes because most of our population lives along the coastline, and much of our infrastructure is located in vulnerable areas. To prepare for climate change at the provincial level, Nova Scotia Environment’s Climate Change Unit develops policies and programs focused on mitigation and adaptation. Our work includes assessing greenhouse gas reduction opportunities, and helping to develop programs to reduce emissions and prepare for the impacts of climate change. This talk will explore climate change adaptation within the Nova Scotian context. In particular, it will examine: (1) the impacts of climate change; (2) what Nova Scotia is doing to prepare for these impacts; and (3) what is next for the province. 

avatar for Jason Hollett

Jason Hollett

Executive Director, Climate Change Nova Scotia
Jason began working for the province at the Department of Energy in 2006, focusing on community renewable energy. He moved to Nova Scotia Environment in 2008 to manage a community and business environmental technology fund and then on to a managing role with the Climate Change Directorate. In his current role, he oversees a diverse portfolio of subjects including protected areas, contaminated sites, climate change air quality and solid waste... Read More →
avatar for Megan Leslie, MP

Megan Leslie, MP

Member of Parliament, NDP Deputy Leader, Environment Critic, Parliament of Canada
First elected in 2008, Megan Leslie is the Member of Parliament for Halifax. Since being named to the Official Opposition’s Shadow Cabinet as the NDP’s Environment Critic in May 2011, Megan has been pushing for strong action on clean energy and green technology, and a plan to include climate change in a national energy strategy. She has also been active in calling for a comprehensive approach addressing the negative impacts of climate... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 10:30am - 11:30am
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Breakout Session: "Oceans Information Systems"
"The Ocean Tracking Network (OTN): New technology and new information in preparation for a changing ocean." by Dr. Fred Whoriskey


Starting in 2008, Dalhousie University’s Ocean Tracking Network (OTN) began deploying Canadian state-of-the-art acoustic receivers and oceanographic monitoring equipment in key global ocean locations. This equipment is being used to document the movements and survival of valued marine animals carrying acoustic tags (“pingers”), and to document how both are influenced by oceanographic conditions. The species tracked include marine mammals, sea turtles, squid, and fishes including sharks, sturgeon, eels, tuna, salmon, and cod, depending on regional interests. Knowing how animal movements change in response to environmental conditions provides the ability to predict how these animal’s distributions will alter in the face of climate change. From this information we can also predict animal responses to the other wave of “climate change” that is accelerating in the ocean as our new technologies permit us to affordably exploit resources that were previously inaccessible.  Armed with the knowledge provided by OTN,  we can begin to think about how we will manage changed ecosystems, and the people who will depend on them.  However, new ocean information systems such as the OTN are difficult to implement in a resource limited climate, especially on a global scale. OTN is enabling this by partnering internationally to link existing telemetry capacity into a new global ocean observing system, and by embracing the use of new automated underwater vehicle technology that will greatly reduce the costs of operating on the ocean compared to traditional ship based models.

“Ocean acidification; how data are collected and used” by Dr. Kumiko Azetsu-Scott


About 1/4 of the carbon dioxide (CO2) released by human activities to the atmosphere since the start of the Industrial Revolution in the 1800s has been taken up by the oceans.  This service has slowed down the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere, but there is a significant price to pay.  CO2 dissolves in the surface water and forms carbonic acid. This carbonic acid has caused a decrease of ocean pH by 0.1 units over the past 200 years, which is equivalent to a 30% increase in acidity.  If global emissions of CO2 continue at the present rate, ocean pH is predicted to fall an additional 0.3 units by 2100 (150% increase in acidity).  The oceans have not experienced such a rapid pH change or one of this great a magnitude for at least the last 55 million years, raising serious concerns about the ability of ecosystems to adapt. “Ocean Acidification” has become a focus of active research over the last decade.  Accelerated efforts to understand the extent and impact of ocean acidification are underway.  Mechanisms of ocean acidification, possible effects on marine organisms and ecosystems, data collection for archival in the international organization to be used by global research community, public and policy makers will be discussed.    

avatar for Dr. Kumiko Azetsu-Scott

Dr. Kumiko Azetsu-Scott

Bedford Institute of Oceanography
Dr. Kumiko Azetsu-Scott is a research scientist at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography (Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada), where she leads the carbon and tracer group, and also an adjunct in the Department of Oceanography at Dalhousie University.  Her research interests include climate change and carbon cycles in the ocean and ocean acidification in the North Atlantic and the Arctic.  She also investigates air-sea... Read More →
avatar for Dr. Fred Whoriskey

Dr. Fred Whoriskey

Executive Director of OTN & Adjunct Professor at Dalhousie, The Ocean Tracking Network & Dalhousie University
Dr. Whoriskey is the Executive Director of the Ocean Tracking Network (OTN), a global research infrastructure documenting the movements and survival of aquatic animals, and their links to environmental conditions (http://oceantrackingnetwork.org/). The OTN is headquartered at Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia. Prior to joining Dalhousie University in 2010, Fred was the Vice President, Research and Environment of the Atlantic Salmon Federation... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 10:30am - 11:30am
Myers Room (224) @ Dalhousie Student Union Building


Lunch & Poster Competition
Lunch will be served in the McInnes Room. During this session, graduate students will present posters based on a variety of topics including those relating to the conference theme, and also the wider field of Information Management. The Silent Auction will be open until the end of lunch.

Posters will include:

Google, Public Libraries, and the Deep Web by Alieda Blandford & Zoe Dickinson
Abstract: There is currently a serious disconnect between the web presence of many Canadian public libraries and the public’s information needs. Recent studies show that 91% of online adults use search engines to find information online; less than 1% of online searchers begin by using library Online Public Access Catalogues (OPACs). These numbers illustrate a serious issue for many public libraries, whose OPACs are hidden in the “deep” Web and do not populate in search engine results pages. Since this content is not indexed by search engines, it is therefore invisible to the majority of internet searchers. As institutions dedicated to facilitating public information access, libraries have a responsibility to ensure that their valuable information resources, both print and electronic, are as accessible as possible to the general public. In today’s information climate, this means being indexed by search engines. Several ways of surfacing library content from the deep web have been proposed, including the use of sitemap protocols and semantic web structures. 

PPGIS Support and Provision Through Ushahidi Instances: Evaluating Success in Three Cases by Carlisle Kent
Abstract: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) prove invaluable for organizations of all types. They enable the collection, manipulation, and dissemination of information in uniquely powerful ways. Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) is an approach to GIS data generation and use that can result in more robust and useful information for groups ranging from grassroots or local government organizations to global relief efforts. There are several key qualities to a system that provides the most effective PPGIS: namely, the usability, cost, timeliness, sustainability, community involvement, accuracy and validity, technological requirements, and end contributions to the community. Using these qualities as an evaluation framework, and keeping in mind other qualities and considerations borne out in the literature on GIS and PPGIS, three different examples of PPGIS provision are examined. All three of these are based on the system Ushahidi, a company based in Kenya that provides cloud-based, customizable systems to empower ordinary people. The cases are located around the globe: water supply monitoring in Afghanistan, violence and disease tracking in Liberia, and disaster notification in Washinton, USA. 

How Research Findings are Communicated and Used: Results from Case Study Research by Sarah Chamberlain, Shelby McLean, and James Ross
Abstract: Drawing upon recent studies, this poster will describe three cases in which information (i.e., research findings) were communicated and used. The first case study investigated awareness and use of the State of the Scotian Shelf Report, a state of the environment report produced by the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans. The second case study explored the awareness and use of the Gulfwatch Contaminants Monitoring Program, which regularly monitors water quality in the Gulf of Maine/Bay of Fundy region and provides data, data summaries, publications, and other forms of communication about its findings. Finally, coastal web atlases are used to assemble information about marine environments into comprehensive tools for decision makers, the interested public, or any other group seeking spatial information about activities occurring in coastal environments. Data input is collaborative and is obtained from a variety of different sources (governmental, non-governmental, academic, industry, and public). These case studies demonstrated different ways in which information can be communicated and illustrate various enablers and barriers to the uptake and use of these types of  information by decision makers, the public, and other groups. 

How to integrate many pieces of information on climate change vulnerability of species and make use of them for management of protected areas
by Takafumi Osawa & Peter Duinker
Abstract: A number of studies have reported that climate change has already had negative impacts on biodiversity. Protected areas are often seen as effective tools to conserve biodiversity in the context of climate change. However, Canadian protected areas have also been established with a premise of static distributions of different ecosystems across Canada, an assumption invalidated by climate change. In the Maritimes, despite a number of individual studies on each species’ response to climate change, there are few comprehensive studies on how to consider and manage protected areas with potentially vulnerable forest ecosystems in the future. Assuming two climate change scenarios in 2080s, we conducted climate-change vulnerability assessments (VAs) for three forested protected areas as case studies in the face of climate change. Our method helps move academic insights into practical conservation initiatives in the context of climate change. The poster gives an example of our study on Kejimkujik National Park.

A prospective study on consumers’ use of ingredient list information from pre-packaged food labels by Mark McCumber 

This poster will propose a prospective research project intended to better understand how consumers use ingredient list information to help make food purchase decisions. The study of nutrition and food behaviour is an important current issue with significant social and economic consequences. The relationship between diet and disease has become increasingly recognized by medical and governmental agencies around the world, prompting great efforts to both understand and influence how consumers make dietary decisions. One such initiative—which is generally considered the most used and the most widely available source of nutrition information—is the modern, standardized food label. Countries around the world have passed legislation mandating food labels that provide the consumer with the essential nutrition information about pre-packaged food products. Correspondingly, a significant body of literature has accumulated, detailing the many efforts to better understand how food label information is processed and used by consumers. The majority of research related to food label information use has focused on the Nutrition Facts table, claims about a product, or label use in general, directing little to no attention toward consumers’ use of ingredient list information. This trend has persisted despite several circumstances in which evidence suggests that the ingredient list is one of the most used components of the food label. The proposed research project will explore food label use using a combination of validated tools and a novel, qualitative methodology in an effort to better understand how consumers use ingredient list information to make food purchase decisions.

Adapting to climate change – Local governance, policy and planning in Nova Scotia, Canada by Brennan Vogel

Abstract: Research and analysis into the local governance of climate change adaptation and the social context of adaptation decision-making presents ‘a revealing diagnostic entry point into the structural governance context’ in determining the ‘action-space’ and ‘structural constraints, barriers and [im]mutable limits’ associated with adaptation governance (Moser, 2009). The Nova Scotia adaptation policy-making approach provides an outstanding opportunity for conducting comparative, case-based research into the social dimensions of how Canadian coastal municipalities are dealing with the challenges of climate change through adaptation planning. Nova Scotia is the only Canadian province to establish a climate change adaptation policy framework, which included a province-wide policy mandate requiring that all municipalities prepare and complete ‘Municipal Climate Change Action Plans’ (MCCAP) by January 1, 2014 in order to remain eligible for federal Gas Tax funding, as administered by the Province of Nova Scotia (SNSMR, 2011). In September 2014, four focus groups were conducted with thirty-five Nova Scotian adaptation policy and planning stakeholders in high sensitivity coastal regions of Nova Scotia (Amherst, Port Hawkesbury, Bridgewater and Shelburne). The purpose of these focus groups was to engage with adaptation policy-making stakeholders to identify the barriers and opportunities for adaptation policy and planning at the municipal level. The poster will illustrate the research project the preliminary findings.


avatar for Alieda Blandford

Alieda Blandford

Alieda is a second-year MLIS student at Dalhousie University. She currently acts as the web administrator for the School of Information Management Student Association (SIMSA), and is also an Editorial Chair for the Dalhousie Journal of Interdisciplinary Management (DJIM). Her professional interests lie in public librarianship, especially collections and web development, community outreach, and emerging technology. Her passion lies... Read More →
avatar for Zoe Dickinson

Zoe Dickinson

Zoe Dickinson is a Master of Library and Information Studies candidate at Dalhousie University. Originally from Aylmer, Quebec, she completed an undergraduate degree at Concordia University with a double major in Liberal Arts and Classical Languages and Literature. Zoe is an editorial chair for the Dalhousie Journal of Interdisciplinary Management, as well as a representative in the Dalhousie student chapter of the Canadian Library... Read More →
avatar for Carlisle Kent

Carlisle Kent

Carlisle Kent holds an International Bachelor of Arts with honours and a Certificate of Bilingualism from York University’s Glendon College. She completed her studies in History and Literature in Toronto, and spending a year studying at the Université Michel Montaigne in Bordeaux, France. She is currently pursuing a joint masters program, and in December 2015 will be a candidate for a Masters in Library and Information... Read More →
avatar for Mark McCumber

Mark McCumber

Mark McCumber is a second year MLIS student in the process of completing a | thesis project on the information-seeking behaviour related to food | purchase decisions, specifically looking at how consumers use the | ingredient list to make these decisions while shopping in the supermarket | environment. He is intrigued by the complexity of information behaviours | and the theoretical frameworks that have been proposed to model such... Read More →
avatar for Shelby McLean

Shelby McLean

Growing up on the coast of Prince Edward Island Shelby was fascinated by marine life from an early age influencing her decision complete a Biology degree and continue on to pursue a Masters degree in Marine Management in the Marine Affairs program at Dalhousie University. During her undergraduate she volunteered in a lab that specialized in coastal food web ecology. Working with a multitude of different coastal... Read More →
avatar for Takafumi Osawa

Takafumi Osawa

Takafumi majored in forest ecology and genetics in the undergraduate and graduate programs at the University of Tokyo. Subsequently, he joined the Japanese ministry of the environment and mainly engaged in the issues of nature conservation. For instance, he worked as a park ranger at Daisetsuzan National Park in Japan. Since 2013, he has been dispatched from the Ministry to Dalhousie University, and is currently studying the issues of... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 11:30am - 12:45pm
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Breakout Session: "Information in Use: Planning & Adaptation Strategies"

"Knowledge into (Adaptation) Action: Coping with a Changing Climate" by Dr. Tony Charles


This presentation is about using knowledge to create the future we want, or at least a future as positive as possible in a world of climate change. That is a big challenge, and is being faced on many levels. At the national and international levels, wise governments of the world are taking strong measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while at the same time supporting social and economic adaptation measures to prepare for the changes that are now inevitable. At a local level, communities are engaging in adaptation actions that fit with their values and that reduce their vulnerabilities to an uncertain future climate. The big choice facing these communities is to decide which, of the many possible actions they might take, will work best in any given situation. Researchers are exploring this key question, compiling the information needed for communities in Canada and around the world to make the right decisions as they seek their own paths into the future. The corresponding knowledge needs and a range of research responses are discussed in this presentation.  

"Time and tide: Aging communities and rising seas, a rural planning challenge"

by Patricia Manuel and Eric Rapaport, Dalhousie University and Janice Keefe, Mount Saint Vincent University. To be presented by Patricia Manuel


Rural communities in Atlantic Canada are aging. Sea level is rising. Using case study examples from rural, coastal Nova Scotia, our presentation illustrates a multi-disciplinary understanding of, and information needed to address, a community planning challenge. Using GIS mapping and analysis, we visualized the issues for 2025-26: 10 years from present is a typical planning time frame. We combined population projections to 2026 and data on community infrastructure and services distribution with sea level rise and storm surge scenarios in 2025. Our mapping illustrates the emerging vulnerability to climate change impacts of seniors populations in rural coastal communities. We examined local policies and plans for responsiveness to both concerns, and found them lacking. We were particularly interested in the resilience of aging communities, and the strategy of age-friendly community design: What do planners and community designer need to consider for communities in these coastal settings? Our work suggests the extent of impacts, the lack of preparedness in community design, and the need to respond with informed planning and design to ensure liveable, and safe, rural communities.

avatar for Dr. Tony Charles

Dr. Tony Charles

Director of SMU's School of the Environment, St. Mary's University
Dr. Tony Charles is Director of the School of the Environment, and a professor in the Sobey School of Business, at Saint Mary’s University. He specializes in studies of natural resource management, and particularly focuses on the sustainability and resilience of coastal and marine systems, community-based approaches to resource management, and human dimensions of ecosystem-based management and climate change. Dr. Charles leads the global... Read More →

Dr. Patricia Manuel

Associate Professor, School of Planning, Dalhousie University
Dr. Patricia Manuel is the Director of the School of Planning at Dalhousie University. She is a member of the Canadian Institute of Planners and  the Licensed Professional Planners Association of Nova Scotia. A geographer by training, she works mainly in the areas of environmental and community planning. She is cross-appointed to the School of Occupational Therapy where she has taught community design in the health professions. Dr. Manuel is... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 12:45pm - 2:00pm
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Breakout Session: "Mapping, Modelling & Climate Informatics"
“Synergies in environmental information management – methodological applications regarding space-time variability in the atmosphere” by Dr. Cristian Suteanu


This talk is meant to highlight challenges related to the evaluation of strongly variable space-time patterns, and to present recently developed methodological responses designed to address them.

While the approaches to the handling of streaming data will focus on practical examples regarding atmospheric variables (such as air temperature and wind patterns), the presentation will emphasize some key ideas that have wider applicability. It will be shown that while no single method can exhaustively describe complex natural patterns, the synergic application of distinct methods in conjunction may lead to effectively enhanced outcomes. Scale-bound and scale-free approaches will be discussed, and their coupled effect will be presented with the help of practical examples.

"Air Quality in a Changing Climate -- Without Borders!" By Dr. Aldona Wiacek

This talk will outline the relationships and differences between the distinct environmental problems of air quality and climate change, highlighting the challenges of combining information at local, regional and global scales to improve our understanding of the Atmospheric Environment.


avatar for Dr. Adam Fenech

Dr. Adam Fenech

Director of the UPEI Climate Lab, University of Prince Edward Island
Dr. Fenech has worked extensively in the area of climate change since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change First Assessment Report in 1988. He has edited 7 books on climate change, most recently on Climate Impacts and Adaptation Science. Dr. Fenech has worked for Harvard University researching the history of the science/policy interfaces of climate change. He has represented Canada at international climate negotiating sessions... Read More →
avatar for Dr. Cristian Suteanu

Dr. Cristian Suteanu

Associate Professor, St. Mary's University
Dr. Suteanu is an Associate Professor at Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, cross-appointed in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies and the Departments of Environmental Science. He is the Chairperson of the Environmental Science Department. | | His main interests concern information processes and the role they play in the environmental systems as well as in our relation to the environment. | | On one hand, he focuses on... Read More →
avatar for Dr. Aldona Wiacek

Dr. Aldona Wiacek

Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Department of Astronomy & Physics, St. Mary's University
Dr. Wiacek is cross-appointed in the Departments of Environmental Science as well as Astronomy & Physics.  She is interested in remote sensing of atmospheric trace gases involved in air pollution and climate and also in the climate effects of aerosol (suspended particles) through cloud interactions. Her research includes the development of ground- and satellite-based remote sensing instrumentation and data analysis techniques... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 12:45pm - 2:00pm
Myers Room (224) @ Dalhousie Student Union Building


Coffee Break, Poster Competition Results & Silent Auction Winners
Enjoy refreshments during this break. The results of the Poster Competition will be presented. In addition, the winners of the Silent Auction will be announced. The proceeds from the Silent Auction help to support future IWB Conferences.

Wednesday February 11, 2015 2:00pm - 2:15pm
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Spotlight on Student Research
In this student speaker session, the three winning applicants of our student paper competition will present their research related to the IWB 2015 topic, "Information Management for Climate Change Adaptation". The following talks will be given during this session:

"The Importance of how a Message is Framed:  A Comparison of how Audiences React to Veganism and Climate Change" by Robyn Gray


In this talk, Robyn will compare the ways that people react to different forms of advocacy regarding veganism and climate change. By looking at how vegan advocacy has achieved success in reaching audiences, she will suggest that multiple techniques of advertising for climate change can be implimented. Not everyone responds to the same information in the same way. People can have the tendency to not believe certain information due to their religious or political backgrounds, or dependent on the lifestyle changes they are expected to make. Potential ways of advocating for people to take action include appealing to emotion as opposed to intellect, removing disassociation between individuals and these issues, and providing achievable steps so that people feel encouraged to make a difference. Overall, through analyzing veganism and climate change, Robyn seeks to establish that it is not always the message being conveyed that is most important, but rather the way in which that message is framed. 

"Climate Change Science Flows Both Ways" by Tess Grynoch


This talk will address the strained communication channels between scientists and policy makers and how multi-directional communication between the two groups will create better climate change research and policy. The tools needed to span the gulf between scientists and policy makers will be highlighted along with the barriers that inhibit the use of these tools. Examples of multi-directional communication will demonstrate the challenges and rewards that arise when scientists and policy makers understand one another. Boundary spanning organizations and individuals, that understand the contexts within which scientists and policy makers operate, would help facilitate multi-directional communication. Promoting these organizations and individuals within the field of climate change science will help translate between research and policy without the onus of communication being solely on scientists or policy makers.

"A study of the use of data provided by coastal atlases in coastal policy and decision-making" by Shelby McLean


Every 20 seconds a new journal article is published, emphasizing the fact that an incredibly large volume of data an information is being generated, yet most of it remains under-utilized or overlooked. Information plays a key role in evidence based policy making, but many barriers may prevent decision-makers from using environmental information. Nova Scotia is a coastal province with many different activities and resources occurring in its marine areas. Correspondingly, many different stakeholders are involved in generating marine data and information around the province. A lack of a tool to amalgamate a wide variety of data and information, in particular information generated by different governmental departments, is a current management problem. Digital coastal atlas tools have been suggested to aid with information management as well as coastal policy and decision-making. By interviewing users and developers associated with four coastal web atlases in different jurisdictions (Maryland, Massachusetts, Scotland, and British Columbia), this research addressed the following question: are coastal web atlases proving to be a useful for data management as well as coastal policy and decision-making? The results from this study indicate that users and developers in the different jurisdictions find their respective atlases useful for several reasons, including increased transparency, increased decision-making confidence, and ability to easily access a wide variety of credible information in a single location. Recommendations for the government of Nova Scotia and areas for future research are discussed. 

avatar for Robyn Gray

Robyn Gray

Student, Dalhousie University
Robyn Gray is a first-year student in the Master of Library and Information Studies program at Dalhousie University. Originally from Calgary, Alberta, she moved to Victoria, British Columbia for her undergraduate degree. In 2013, she completed her Bachelor of Arts with Honours at the University of Victoria, majoring in English literature. Robyn worked as a student copyeditor for the academic journal titled the Victorian Review, and is currently... Read More →
avatar for Tess Grynoch

Tess Grynoch

Student, Dalhousie University
Tess Grynoch is a Masters student in the Library and Information Studies program at Dalhousie University. Prior to her move to Halifax, she could be found cataloguing at the University of Alberta Libraries. She has a Bachelor of Science from the University of Alberta and has spent a semester studying at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. Her previous botanical research examined the diversity of plant species surrounding... Read More →
avatar for Shelby McLean

Shelby McLean

Growing up on the coast of Prince Edward Island Shelby was fascinated by marine life from an early age influencing her decision complete a Biology degree and continue on to pursue a Masters degree in Marine Management in the Marine Affairs program at Dalhousie University. During her undergraduate she volunteered in a lab that specialized in coastal food web ecology. Working with a multitude of different coastal... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 2:15pm - 3:15pm
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Closing Keynote: Carl Duivenvoorden presents "Beyond an Inconvenient Truth"
avatar for Carl Duivenvoorden

Carl Duivenvoorden

Founder of Change Your Corner, Al Gore's Climate Reality Project & Change Your Corner
Carl Duivenvoorden was raised on a dairy farm in northern New Brunswick. His diverse early agricultural career took him to over 25 countries, from New Zealand to Vietnam to Brazil. | | But from his early days in the village of Belledune, Carl always had an uneasy concern about human impacts on our global environment. In 2006, he read “An Inconvenient Truth”, the book that catapulted climate change onto the global agenda. In... Read More →

Wednesday February 11, 2015 3:15pm - 4:15pm
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor


Closing Remarks
avatar for Hilary Lynd

Hilary Lynd

Co-Chair, Information Without Borders Conference Association
avatar for Jennie Thompson

Jennie Thompson

Co-Chair, Information Without Borders Conference Association

Wednesday February 11, 2015 4:15pm - 4:30pm
McInnes Room @ Dalhousie Student Union Building 6136 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 4J2, 2nd Floor